5G will change the way we interact with technology. It’s the next-generation wireless technology that not only guarantees higher data capacity and speed but also provides the capacity to connect billions of devices.
The 5G adoption is expected to globally redefine a range of industries beyond mobile devices such as retail, manufacturing, transport, healthcare, and logistics. India currently has a strong 4G (and 3G before that) footprint which largely offers improvements in data transfer speed on smartphones; 5G will allow a universe of connected devices to communicate with each other.
The use cases for 5G are well documented in the public domain, such as improved mobile experience, improved customer services, and overall communication. 5G is enabling a new wave of innovation that will take technological developments a step ahead. Therefore, experts have been categorizing the application areas of 5G under 3 categories:
- eMBB: enhanced Mobile Broadband
- URLLC: Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication
- mMTC: massive Machine type Communication
The overall mobile broadband experience will change forever in terms of media downloads and uploads, transferring heavy files, AR/VR applications, and UltraHD video streaming on mobiles. It will also boost our adoption of IoT devices for personal or business purposes. Automotive, E-commerce, Manufacturing, Public services (such as smart city applications), and Banking are some of the sectors that will ultimately benefit from the wide adoption of 5G technology.
Start-ups/Companies/Academia working on 5G technology
India Inc. understands the benefits of 5G technology and has already laid out strategies for rolling out 5G. We are already seeing many start-ups and enterprises that are working on 5G. Reliance Jio, Mymo wireless, Niral networks, VVDN, Tejas networks, Acliv, Cadence India, Qualcomm India are some of the leading names in the 5G technology space. The Department of Telecommunications (DoT) is also funding a large scale 5G testbed project to encourage Indian start-ups. Top Indian academic institutes such as IIT-Delhi, IIT-Hyderabad, IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Bangalore, Indian Institute of Science – IISC, are all involved in 5G development.
According to WEF, for India to emerge as a manufacturing hub of a global scale, a collaborative effort is required to build a secure and scalable national 5G infrastructure. Indian companies have taken note of this message:
- Reliance Jio has developed its own 5G technology to reduce the dependence on foreign vendors. Jio has about 370mn subscribers
- Mymo wireless, a Bangalore based start-up, is already working on developing 5G chipsets
- Indian-based VVDN offers expertise across 5G domains including 5G RAN, 5G RF, 5G Cloud/Digital
- Niral Network offers cell site router with deep-inspection capabilities for 5G access network
5G, the future of connectivity will unlock the future potential of new industries, applications, and innovation. To make 5G a reality in India, government, and industry collaboration with 5G network providers is needed to achieve long-term objectives.
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